Planning Document

TOK Presentation Planning Document


Group member: Zach

Estimated Timing of Pres 10 minutes





Topic (why is it significant?): The Orton-Gillingham approach has been in use since the 1930s. It is an intensive, sequential phonetic system teaches the basics of word formation before whole language. The method accommodates and utilizes the three learning styles visual, auditory and kinesthetic. The Orton-Gillingham approach is a system that allows for flexibility and is prescribed for each individual learner.


Essential Question: Should all English language and reading teachers be Orton-Gillingham trained?



  1. What is the real life situation under consideration?

Teaching Dyslexic children in America is under consideration.  How can we be able to teach a language to people with a language based disability and students without a language based disability.



  1. What is the TOK knowledge issue(s) (questions) that will be the focus of your presentation?

Learning of Language. In ability to communicate.


How does music affect our emotions and different for other cultures?


3.     Write a summary in note form (like a bulleted list) of the way you plan to deal with the knowledge issue(s)/questions during your presentation. Provide approximate TIME and be specific about TOOLS, EXAMPLES and WHO is doing what. Think about the criteria:


Explaining Dyslexia 2 minutes.


Discussing for Orton-Gillingham teaching 3 Minutes


Discussing against Orton-Gillingham teaching  3 Minutes


Conclusion and wrapping up 2 minutes




  1. How will you identify the knowledge issue(s)?

I’ll point out issues that are knowledge based issues. Such as would it really be better for everyone? What are the benefits? What are the downfalls?



  1. How will you show your personal perspective?

Well I am highly affected by dyslexia, so I deffinaly will throw my own opinion in the presentation. I will talk a little bit about my story at the beginning of the presentation as sort of a hook into the rest of the presentation.



  1. How will you make connections to other Ways of Knowing or Areas of Knowledge?

Well Dyslexia needs the other ways of knowing, if that makes sense. What I mean is for Dyslexics to learn they need to use sight (different colors are a huge plus!), Sounds, and touch (HUGE HUGE HUGE!!!). Basically Dyslexics needs to use all the ways of knowing to learn, that is what Orton-Gillingham. Believe it or not Orton-Gillingham and TOK are basically the same thing except different verbiage is use to describe the same thing.


  1. How will you examine the knowledge claims and possible counterclaims (i.e different perspectives)? Tip: ask yourself, what would someone who disagrees with the claim say, and what reasons would he give? What about someone from a different culture, age group, religion, class, educational background?

Counter claims against Orton-Gillingham teaching is cost. It would cost the United States Trillions of dollars to train teachers. And for Orton-Gillingham to be truly affective kindergarden threw 12 grade teachers would need to learn it.



  1. How will you examine the implications of knowledge?

Like I said in question c Orton-Gillingham and TOK are very closely a lined. I will be able to examine different ways of knowing by explaining how Orton-Gillingham works and what are the different aspects to it.


  1. If there is bias, how will you examine that? What about assumptions and presuppositions?

Well I am already very bias. And the only reasons against it is price, so I think after my presentation many people will agree with me.


Type of Presentation: (list all that will apply)

Power Point, Maybe a Prezi.


Items you will need (e.d handouts, costumes, script, projector):

Power Point, computer, and projector.


Socratic Seminar

How can our knowledge be changed by experiences or even others experiences?

Can we gain the knowledge of any philosopher by merely reading their works?

Language as a Way of Knowing Multi-Task Blog Post

I found this article interesting 🙂


“Language was given to man to disguise his thoughts.” – Tallyrand 

I found this quote very interesting because I was recently talking with Mme. Pouloa (mon prof de francais). We were talking about an indroduction I was writing and she said that I needed to be very rague and just elude to things. I complained to her saying, “Mme! That is so difficult to do in french.” She corrected me and said, “Well Zach think about it, English is one of the most direct languages in the world.” She is right, English is extrememly specific. And she went on to say, “French is very vague in it’s self.” It is very true, sometimes in more complex French the sentence structure is such a way that you don’t know what the speaker is talking about without back context. This relates back to the quote because I feel like (even in English  people hide their emotions from others. Whether it involves pride, envy, hatred, it kind of comes to more of a emotional question rather than language.


Should the naughty words in our language be band? 

In my opinion I think that all bad words should be cut out of the English language. I feel like Americans (in particular) are using “to many” bad words have made the English language dirty but also very inexpressive. Our vocabulary is being reduced to an inner city school child. It is sad. We are losing our expressive words for…well… expressive words, but of a different kind. I think that bad words should be restrited in school and thus would stop students from growing up and using them. Bad words don’t breed inginiuty, if you wanna say a bad word say it in french, spanish, greek, or say that purple dinosour is a little cloud. That is more creative than that B&#$ is a little S$#@ Excuse my language….


When Bill Clinton entered the White House in ’93, his wife Hillary wanted to be known as “Presidential Partner”, not “First Lady”. What is the difference in connotations? If a woman ever would become president of the USA, what do you think would be an appropriate title for her husband?

He would defiantly be called the “first man.”  Jokes aside I think that changing the name of the first lady signals a very progressive move. In my mind I find that saying “Presidential Partner” would incline that both of them are making the decisions (and with my opinion of Bill it probably was Mrs. Clinton calling the shots.) In my mind the name is on the verge of unconstitutional because it implies that a person the people did not vote for would be making decisions with the president. 

What are some examples of words that have entered the English language as a result of the computer revolution?

The first thing that pops in to my head would be RAM which isn’t involved in social media but rather manufacturing computers in and of themselves. Another word would be “like.” The Facebook finazial over the word like. Often times like doesn’t even mean like, usually it is a popularity contest, who ever is the most popular gets the most likes.


How would you try to explain to a blind person what the word RED means? What does this suggest to you about the limitations of definitions?

Well I looked it up and this is what I found. Even the dictionary can’t really describe red. I don’t know that anyone can. It would be impossible, because red is sensory perception. There is a quote in my french class that says the limits of your language are the limits of your world. 

“One man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter”- Analyze the way language is used in each of these pairs of expressions: Pro-life/pro-choice; genetically-modified food/Frankenstein food; free speech/hate speech; “Blocking your child’s access to objectionable material on the Internet is not called censorship, it’s called parenting” (Al Gore); piracy/file-sharing

Naturally I am on the conservative side of it all… so I am naturally bias. I think that people who commit terror acts are terrorists… unfortunetly even Americans did this during the fight for independance. But think about it, just the word… Pro-life or Pro-choice. I would chose life over choice… just saying…

The “Political Correctness” movement has been popular in the past two decades, striving to use language to change attitudes to the oppressed or disadvantaged. What examples can you give of “PC language” or a “PC incident” and what are your personal thoughts?

I find that “Political Correctness” limits the way you say things. I oppresses you from saying that all Israelis are Jews. With over 2/3 majority of Israelis being Jews I would say it is safe to say that Israelis are Jews. I believe in honoring the majority NOT the minority. I know that for video games there is something called “base rape” which means spawn killing. It’s not very politically correct. And I would agree that it is a little raunchy. Political correctness should stop people from saying things such as that. Things that are serious. 

What are some examples of words that have entered the English language as a result of the computer revolution?

Some words would inclued. Lol, wtf, and the all important Yolo. Are new words that have been created are apperviations. It is interesting that our language is evolving into more fast passed speech. Are we going to lose all we have because we are going to fast passed?

Stephen Fry Kinetic Typography-

Oh my goodness… Well I believe that this man and I live on opposite ends of the spectrum. I think that technically words are so cool! I mean for my EE if I just said the big plane, it would not be accurate or interesting. I would say a BWB or Blended-Wing-Body Aircraft. In my opinion that nitty gritty of our speech is the beautiful thing about our language. I like that. Commas and semi-collens have a special place in my heart 🙂 They help the reader or speeker to know when it is a good idea to stop talking.  

Stephen Fry Interview – Fry’s Planet World

I think it is very possible that humans could see a lot of lose of culture because of the internet  I think that is it very possible that our language could also lose a lot of it’s meaning because of  Yolo and other things like it. I find it interesting that China has a literacy problem because of lack of phonetics. Dylexics learn phonetically and I would want to know how mnay Chinese are dyslexic.

Stephen Fry discussing swear words:

I found his connection with torcher rather interesting. I guess it all depends on where we came from. In Europe torcher was not that bad but sexual and bad words were a big no no. It is sort of the nobleness of the old days that is still alive today.

The Birth of a Word:

I think that was really cute! I will remember that as a parent. I will probably just try and film it not leave cameras around my house like a stoker. I think that part is a little creepy. I felt bad for him as he struggled to say water. Think about it we are able to learn English fluently by the 6th grade or so. That is pretty good!

Touch and Sound Blog reflection


It is the only sense that uses physics to work; meaning sounds actrually moves things inside the ear to make them hear.

How does our brain convert these sounds in to words?

Our ears use fluid and bones to work properly.

Would the sounds we hear sound different if a different type of fluid was present in our ears?

Scientists don’t yet know how we process sounds!

Why can children hear better than adults?

Picks his girlfriends based on how their names taste.

Is it really distrating to taste every word?

Certain fibers in the ear react to high or low pitched sounds and noises.

What if the fibers broke?

High rates of hearing lose sound like the person is in another room!

How can we stop hearing loss?



Human desire for touch goes all the way back to the womb.

Why are massages so emotionally reveling?

Holding hands with someone is so nice beacuse we have over 2,000 sensory resptors in each finger tip!

Can we artificially make more sensors in our hands?

Human touch is healing!

How can we comfort old people with human touch?

Lack of physical touch can ruin a child for the future. Human touch is very important for development.

People in prison have no condact with humans, is this worst for them?

Touch can strengthen a social bond between people.

Is that why handshakes are so important?

Reasons for needing to be touched!

Are there any other reasons?



Touch has helped people move forward and become more and more intellegent threwou the ages!

How can cyborg arms be the way of the future?



Project Purposal

1. What is the overall theme – color or synesthesia? (If synesthesia, what senses are you addressing?)

I am addressing color and how different elements have different frequencies so therefore different colors.

2. What Ways of Knowing are you addressing besides Sense Perception? (Reasoning? Emotion? Language?)

Sense of perception and reasoning.

3. To what Areas of Knowledge does your project relate? (Arts, Psychology/Human Sciences, Maths, Natural Sciences, Ethics, History?)

The area of knowledge that my project relates to is Chemistry and Physics.

4. What is it exactly, you plan to do and/or investigate?

I plan to use tubes of different elements electrified; this shows each elements inoisation energy (a different set of colors for each). I plan to make a video with each individual color and show it to the class. 

5. What is your driving question? (should be open-ended, perhaps starting with “How do we know” or “To what extent”)

How does each individual element contribute to the beauty of the world we see around us?

6. How is your project inherently about knowledge/knowing?

You have to know about elements and how they have different frequences and how far the element drops in the electron shell to cause the color change.

7. What materials will you need?


tubes full of different elements

device from chemistry room to electrify the tubes

video making materials

8. Who could assist you / mentor you on this project?

Mr. Morrison

9. How will you present the project to the class?

A video

10. Projects are due the Cycle of March 1 – how do you plan to manage the time for this task?

I will finish and conduct the experiment no later than next week. And begin the video over the weekend.